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국내연구정보 (Domestic information)
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  Genetic Gain and Diversity Under Various Thinning Intensities
  글쓴이 : 관리자     날짜 : 09-04-20 19:56     조회 : 8798    
Genetic Gain and Diversity in a Clonal Seed Orchard of Pinus koraiensis Under Various Thinning Intensities <Kor. J. Breed. 40(3):263-268 2008> Corresponding author chang05@forest.go.kr

  Estimates of genetic gain (in volume growth) and diversity (expressed as status number, Ns) were determined in a clonal seed orchard of Pinus koraiensis. The genetic thinning was based on clonal breeding values (represented by general combining ability) obtained from progeny tests, clonal fertility estimated by strobilus production, and clonal size variation determined by the ramet numbers per clone. Parental GCA values for volume growth were calculated, based on height and diameter at breast height measured from field trials. Clonal fertility was estimated from the assessments of strobilus production over twelve years from 1991 to 2003, and used for the calculation of status number. There are 179 clones and 5,268 ramets in 12ha area of P. koraiensis clonal seed orchard. Genetic gain and diversity estimates were determined under assumptions of 30% pollen contamination and inferior genetic value of contaminating pollen. Genetic gain increased as thinning rates were set from 10% to 60%. However, for the higher thinning intensities, the increase of genetic gain was not remarkable. Genetic thinning by means of truncation selection resulted in a greater genetic gain but a large decrease in status number. Status number was represented around 40 clones for 10% through 60% thinning intensities, but for the higher thinning intensities, it was a bit fluctuated. Based on the present results, it could be concluded that thinning rate should not be stronger than 60% to optimize genetic gain while conserving genetic diversity. Consequently 50%or 60% thinning rate might be appropriate for genetic thinning in the clonal seed orchard of P. koraienses. The effect of pollen contamination on the genetic gain and the consequence of genetic thinning for seed production in the clonal seed orchard, and seed orchard management scheme were also discussed.

Key words : Pinus koraiensis, genetic gain, status number, genetic thinning

   

 
   

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